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Generation Energy Ideas and Submissions

Over the course of the Generation Energy consultation, we heard from Canadians from different backgrounds, industries and regions who have a wide range of views about our energy future.

Ideas submitted online

Our site was set up for Canadians to comment, share their thoughts and vote on ideas about Canada’s clean, affordable energy future.

See all the ideas from Canadians

Documents submitted online

Here you will find documents submitted by energy experts from academia, industry, government agencies and non-government organizations.

Papers Commissioned by Natural Resources Canada

Sustainable Canada Dialogues

Re-Energizing Canada: Pathways to a Low-Carbon Future (PDF, 2.59 mb)

Natural Resources Canada invited an independent group of academics from across the country to examine how Canada could transition its energy systems to low carbon while remaining globally competitive. Take a look at the short and long version of their report.

Power to Excel

Power to Excel (PDF, 591.93 kb) by Dr. Roger Gibbins reflects the conviction that an extraordinary future is within our reach if we harness our energy potential today. With the world in the midst of an historic shift to a lower-carbon economy, it is an opportune time to reflect on Canada’s energy system – where are we now, where do we want to be a generation from now, and how do we get there from here?

Student Energy

Youth Voices Report (PDF, 3 mb)

With close to 300 young people from 11 provinces and territories contributing, and over 7,000 Canadians participating online, the 2017 Youth Voices Report is a cohesive declaration of what the next generation of Canadians believe we need to achieve a sustainable energy future. Canada’s youth have come together to reach a consensus on what steps the country should take to achieve this sustainable future, and how young people want to contribute to solutions.

Energy Technology Network

Leading the Charge (PDF, 1.36 mb)

This document looks into wind and solar energy's role in the low carbon economy and the research and development that is going on in the energy sector. This paper also looks at the challenges and opportunities in energy storage with respect to the perspective of the government. 


Evaluating Residential Energy, Emissions and Cost Scenarios for Prince George's Official Community Plan: ICEM Approach, Methods and SCEC3 Model Results (PDF, 5.15 kb)

This summary explores the Integrated Community Energy Modelling and Mapping (ICEM) approach and its contribution to the development of a consistent method for characterizing energy and emissions in the building stock in communities. It presents the final results of analysis of energy and emissions scenarios in the residential housing stock developed in the 2008–2012 timeframe in support of Prince George’s 2012 Official Community Plan (OCP) update. It describes the overall project approach, key datasets used, integrated modelling and mapping methods developed and findings around the use of visualizations in community energy and emissions planning processes.

Data Issues and Promising Practices for Integrated Community Energy Mapping (PDF, 2.52 mb)

Municipalities, utilities and the public can use energy mapping to make informed decisions on energy end use and renewable supply options in the built environment. Integrated community energy mapping (ICEM) is an emerging mapping and modelling approach that leverages existing and new datasets and available building and technology energy modelling software in combination with geographic information systems (GIS) to provide scalable spatial decision support to energy and emissions planning, policy, program development and their implementation and verification.

The Value of Energy Mapping Symposium Report (PDF, 1.47 mb)

Energy mapping is designed to support the characterization and prioritization of diverse energy uses and emissions reductions opportunities in neighbourhoods, communities, cities and regions. It is anticipated that it will enable cross-cutting decision support for both policy making and investment decisions. The symposium sought to assess the level of interest in potential applications for energy mapping in Canadian communities and encouraged knowledge exchange about the potential leadership of the federal government in deploying energy mapping across Canada.

Papers from Academics and Think Tanks

Energy Futures Lab

Energy Futures Lab Submission to Generation Energy (PDF, 680.79 kb)

The purpose of this paper is to gather the collective response of several dozen innovators and influencers from across the energy system. It draws on the experience of working together over the past three years to understand the energy system from different perspectives, build a shared vision of the future, and launch collaborative initiatives among diverse and uncommon partners. The goal of the Energy Futures Lab is to explore the question, “How can our strengths in today’s energy system serve as a platform for leadership in the transition to the energy system that the future requires of us?”

Brett Dolter and Nicholas Rivers

The Cost of Decarbonizing the Canadian Electricity System (PDF, 1.69 mb)

This research paper uses a linear programming optimization model to evaluate alternative strategies for investing in and operating the Canadian electricity sector. The model combines a simulation of investments in electricity generation and transmission capacity with an hourly dispatch model. 

International Energy Agency

Energy Efficiency Market Report 2017 (PDF, 1.67 mb)

IEA’s annual Energy Efficiency Market Report, which highlights key global trends and indicators of energy efficiency. Analysis also covers energy efficiency policies and finance, trends in major economic sectors and the policies, progress and potential in IEA member and non-member economies.

Renewable Cities

Final Report: Global Learning Forum 2017 (PDF, 3.65 mb)

This report contains a synthesis of key ideas from Forum 2017 and is a jumping-off point for online
reports, videos and presentations from the events over three dozen plenary sessions and workshops.

Columbia Institute

Jobs for Tomorrow: Canada's Building Trades and Net-Zero Emissions (PDF, 5.46 mb)

Building tomorrow’s grid will result in significant jobs for Canadian construction workers. Moving to an electrical supply grid composed primarily of hydroelectric (40 percent), new wind, solar, geothermal and tidal power generation (43 percent combined) and legacy nuclear (5 percent) would result in over one million direct construction jobs by 2050.

Positive Energy

System Under Stress: Energy Decision-Making in Canada and the Need for Informed Reform  (PDF, 5.34 mb)

Canada’s energy decision systems are under stress — stress that appears to be growing and reaching the point of dysfunction. This paper aims to increase the light and reduce the heat on energy decision-making by better framing the problem; improving understanding of the system and its component parts; identifying the core stress points in the system; and outlining a broad approach to “informed reform.”

Positive Energy Conference – National Opinion Survey (PDF, 2.24 mb)

A new national survey by Nanos Research commissioned for the Positive Energy Conference, organized jointly by the Ivey Business School and the University of Ottawa and held in Ottawa March 4–5, 2015, suggests that while Canadians see a path forward that can reconcile environmental and energy priorities, they want more federal leadership.

Canadians’ Views on Canada’s Energy Future (PDF, 637.70 kb)

These observations are based on an RDD telephone and online random survey of 1,000 Canadians, 18 years of age or older, conducted between October 15 and 16, 2015, as part of an omnibus survey. Overall, Canadians generally are supportive of investments in the renewable energy sector and believe that it is possible to develop resources while protecting the environment.

Clean Energy Canada

The Transition Takes Hold: Tracking the Energy Revolution 2017 (PDF, 1.17 mb)

The world’s three largest electricity markets—China, the United States and India—have aggressively pursued renewable power and were collectively responsible for half of global clean energy investment in 2016. This report examines the energy trends defining the world today—and what they mean for Canada.

Mining for Clean Energy 2017 (PDF, 2.58 mb)

This report explores the rise of solar power in particular, the associated metal and mineral requirements, the resulting opportunity for Canadian mines to serve as clean energy enablers and the imperative of responsible mining.

The Power of Procurement (PDF, 625.89 kb)

As governments choose clean energy and adopt technologies that reduce emissions and use energy more efficiently, they can spur growth in small and medium businesses. This policy primer unpacks the important role public procurement can play in building Canada’s clean growth economy.

A Canadian Opportunity: Tackling Climate Change by Switching to Clean Power (PDF, 1.65 mb)

This report frames some of the most important policy choices governments can make to support a strategy to accelerate the shift to clean electricity as the energy source for Canada’s economy.

Collaborative for Advanced Landscape Planning

Special Report – A Synthesis of PICS-Funded Social Mobilization Research (PDF, 3.78 mb)

This report explains “what works” and “what doesn’t work” in engaging the public and motivating people to act on climate change solutions. Included in this report is a brief summary of the B.C. context for social mobilization, as well as key findings from the literature on psychology of behaviour change, social movements, social learning and place-based approaches.

Exploring the Use of Thermal Imagery for the Promotion of Residential Energy Efficiency (PDF, 5.73 mb)

The report provides an overview of existing energy efficiency incentive programs available to homeowners in British Columbia (B.C.) as the backdrop to potential thermal imaging, followed by a discussion of program effectiveness and key challenges.

Motivating communities to retrofit their homes: The potential of thermal imaging in BC (PDF, 1.79 mb)

This paper presents an argument for the combined use of thermal imaging technology with community engagement strategies as a way of scaling up and accelerating the uptake of home energy retrofits.

The role of energy visualization in addressing energy use: Insights from the eViz project (PDF, 431.88 kb)

Energy has become an important topic for policy-makers, industry and households globally. Changing the way we generate and use energy could make a huge contribution to reducing carbon emissions and helping address climate change. The present paper reports on work from the ongoing eViz project focusing on energy visualization.

Cool tools for a warming world – October 2016 Symposium and Workshop Summary Report (PDF, 806.71 kb)

The guide is intended to be used by local communities — decision-makers/practitioners, sustainability citizen groups, consultants, and others — to help develop resilient local communities in an uncertain climate change future.

Canadian Energy Research Institute

Canadian Oil Sands Supply Costs and Development Projects (2015–2035) (PDF, 1.67 mb)

This is the tenth annual edition of CERI’s oil sands supply cost and development projects update report. Similar to past editions of the report, several scenarios for oil sands developments are explored. In addition, given the assumptions for the current cost structure, an outlook for future supply costs will be provided.

Canadian Natural Gas Market Review (PDF, 5.30 mb)

This study looks at the future of Canada’s natural gas upstream industry, taking into consideration the history of the industry, changing market dynamics due to the advancements in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing technology, the recent drop in oil and natural gas prices, and policy developments.

Competitive Analysis of the Canadian Petrochemical Sector (PDF, 2.99 mb)

This study examines the availability of petrochemical feedstock in Canada for the C1 through C3 value chains through 2030 and expands on CERI’s September 2015 study “Examining the Expansion Potential of the Petrochemical Industry in Canada” to assess Canada’s competitive position in comparison with other petrochemical-producing jurisdictions.

An Economic Analysis of TransCanada's Energy East Pipeline Project (PDF, 1.39 mb)

This paper analyzes the TransCanada Energy East Pipeline Project and how it could potentially greatly impact the Canadian energy landscape.

Western Canada Natural Gas Forecasts and Impacts (2015–2035) (PDF, 2.08 mb)

The purpose of this report is to update the work done for the 2013 CERI report (“North American Natural Gas Pathways”), including an update to the North American natural gas supply/demand base case, and to update to the LNG assumptions for the United States and Canada. This will be the basis for forecasting the future for the Western Canadian gas industry and in determining the economic impacts that this industry conveys to the provinces and to the Canadian national economy.

Western Canada Crude Oil Forecasts and Impacts (2015–2035) (PDF, 1.72 mb)

The purpose of this report is to extend the work done by the 2014 report by investigating the downside potential of oil well activity in Western Canada as a direct result of declining oil prices and reduced producers’ capital budgets. As a secondary task, this report is intended to report on the economic impacts associated with this forecast of drilling and future production in terms of gross domestic product (GDP), taxes paid to the provincial and federal governments, and future employment for the industry.

Oil Sands Industry Energy Requirements and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Outlook (2015–2050) (PDF, 1.99 mb)

This study highlights the contribution of the oil sands industry to the Canadian economy, energy use and the environment.

Examining the Expansion Potential of the Petrochemical Industry in Canada (PDF, 1.38 mb)

The study demonstrates that the principle consideration in determining whether a region is cost-competitive is the feedstock price and, second, feedstock availability in sufficient quantity. North America has this advantage over the rest of the world. The advantage is increased when there is a large price differential between natural gas and oil. The reason is that the rest of the world uses mainly oil-based feedstocks for their petrochemical production. North America and the Middle East predominantly use natural gas.

An Assessment of the Economic and Competitive Attributes of Oil and Natural Gas Development in Québec (PDF, 2.30 mb)

This report shifts the focus to a different, almost untapped, energy resource in Quebec: oil and gas, specifically, shale oil and shale gas from the Macasty and Utica basins. Until recently, shale resources were considered economically infeasible to develop, but advances in technology have made a number of oil and gas producers consider seriously Quebec’s hydrocarbon potential. This study has two goals: to describe the scale of unconventional oil and gas resources in Quebec and to consider the potential of resource development in the province.

An Assessment of Hydroelectric Power Options to Satisfy Oil Sands Electricity Demand (PDF, 4.05 mb)

This study assesses new hydropower development options available in Alberta, British Columbia and Manitoba. Two long-distance electricity transmission technologies — high-voltage direct current (HVDC) and high-voltage alternating current (HVAC) — were assessed as options to transmit hydropower to the oil sands region.

Low Crude Oil Prices and Their Impact on the Canadian Economy  (PDF, 854.22 kb)

The purpose of this report is to present economic impacts on the Canadian economy stemming from two short-term scenarios, spanning seven years, starting in 2015: a Reference Case, where the oil prices are forecasted to grow from current levels to almost $73.00 per barrel (in 2014 dollars) and a Low Case, where oil prices reach only $51.00 per barrel by 2021. The modelling of these impacts is done using CERI’s U.S.–Canada Multi-Regional Input/Output Model (UCMRIO 3.0) to measure the impacts on major macroeconomic variables such as GDP, employment and tax revenues.

Heavy Barrel Competition in the U.S. Gulf Coast: Can Canadian Barrels Compete? (PDF, 1.54 mb)

The purpose of this report is to discuss whether Canadian oil can compete with American and South American oil.

Canadian Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production and Supply Costs Outlook (2016–2036)  (PDF, 1.94 mb)

This study examines the next 20 years of Canada’s conventional crude oil and natural gas industries, including production forecasts and supply costs. It includes shale gas, tight gas and coalbed methane, as well as tight and offshore oil production in Canada, and does not include production from oil sands.

Risk Analysis of British Columbia Natural Gas Projects: Environmental and Indigenous Peoples Issues  (PDF, 5.58 mb)

This study identifies major environmental and Indigenous Peoples issues facing development of the natural gas and LNG industry in British Columbia and examines the key approaches to mitigate, manage and monitor the issues effectively.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions in Canada Through Electrification of Energy Services (PDF, 4.24 mb)

The objective of this study is to provide such insights by assessing energy system, environmental and economic implications of transforming energy end-use conversion technology mix into one dominated by electricity in the residential, commercial and passenger road transportation sectors of the 10 Canadian provinces.

Canadian Oil Sands Supply Costs and Development Projects (2016–2036) (PDF, 2.30 mb)

This is the eleventh annual edition of CERI’s oil sands supply cost and development projects update report. Similar to past editions of the report, several scenarios for oil sands developments are explored. In addition, given the assumptions for the current cost structure, an outlook for future supply costs will be provided.

Economic Potentials and Efficiencies of Oil Sands Operations: Processes and Technologies (PDF, 3.93 mb)

This study shows that the costs and emissions challenges facing the oil sands industry are real and serious and, if not urgently addressed, may stunt the growth of the industry. This study identifies clear technological pathways that will enable the oil sands industry to significantly reduce costs as well as emissions.

Economic Potential of Onshore Oil and Gas in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia (PDF, 5.76 mb)

There are an infinite amount of possibilities moving forward for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia from their nexus point. In this study, the Canadian Energy Research Institute (CERI) outlines three plausible scenarios, depicting the influence of high/low natural gas production and whether the current moratorium remains or is removed. These scenarios take into consideration onshore gas potential only, and excludes oil potential as it was found to be insignificant.

Economic Impacts of Canadian Oil and Gas Supply in Canada and the U.S. (PDF, 5.22 mb)

This study examines the economic impacts of the Canadian oil and natural gas industry on both the Canadian and U.S. economies, down to the provincial and state levels, utilizing CERI’s proprietary Canada Multi-Regional Input-Output (CMRIO) model and the U.S. IMPLAN® model. This study is timely, particularly as the first round of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) renegotiations will be held in Washington on August 16–20, 2017.

Canadian Global Affairs Institute

Canada and the Low Carbon Energy Revolution by Michael Cleland (PDF, 279.24 kb)

Canada’s commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 80 per cent from 2005 levels by 2050 is a massive, and arguably, a necessary energy transformation. Mr. Cleland examines what this new world of energy decision-making needs.

Understanding the Shift in Energy Security by Petra Dolata (PDF, 270.69 kb)

Global shifts in government policies and in public opinion with regards to energy transitions and energy security will affect the demand for fossil fuels produced in Canada and elsewhere. In order to understand and respond to these changes, it will be crucial to differentiate between short-term and long-term trajectories.

Big Projects, Big Politics, Big Policy: Strengthening Public Confidence in Energy Decision-Making in Canada by Monica Gattinger (PDF, 269.09 kb)

While energy development could transform many communities’ energy security, energy affordability and economic, social and cultural development, it has been highly contentious. Failure to resolve Canada’s energy development challenges is costing — and will cost — the country in environmental performance, and in our capacity to attract investment and foster economic growth and innovation.

Thoughts on Canada’s Carbon Tax Agenda by Kenneth P. Green (PDF, 294.44 kb)

Mr. Green provides his thought on Canada’s carbon tax plan, providing examples from Ontario, Alberta, Quebec, and British Columbia. In addition, he postulates what Canada should be doing in the new Trumpian environment.

How does Canada Respond to Stranded Asset Risk? by Amy Myers Jaffe (PDF, 367.38 kb)

Canada is one of the world’s most important oil producers but it is facing a high degree of stranded asset risk. In particular, the Canadian oilsands represent a specific target of market share competition with global oil powerhouse Saudi Arabia and thus face cost pressures from current oil price levels. Lowering the cost of production will be vital to the local Canadian firms who have purchased the reserves and increased their exposure to stranded asset risk.

The Inescapability of Carbon Taxes for Canada by Dennis McConaghy (PDF, 292.93 kb)

Canadian political leadership’s great challenge is whether it can bring such appropriate rationality to carbon policy via carbon pricing, appropriately conditioned. Mr. McConaghy provides thoughts and fundamental conditions of a Canadian carbon-pricing policy.

Clean Air Partnership

Local Improvement Charge (LIC) Financing Pilot Program Design for Residential Buildings in Ontario (PDF, 2.72 mb)

This document outlines an LIC financing pilot program design for small residential properties, as well as a study into the potential for using this financing mechanism for larger multi-unit residential buildings (MURBs). It is intended for Ontario municipalities seeking to implement internally administered LIC financing programs for energy and water saving improvements.

Calculating the Real Cost of Energy Infographic (PDF, 958.65 kb)

Infographic describing the real costs of health (environmental, health).

Toronto Hydro-Electric System Limited Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (PDF, 3.31 mb)

The current study aims to evaluate the vulnerability of Toronto Hydro’s electrical distribution system within the City of Toronto to a changing climate by employing Engineers Canada’s Public Infrastructure Engineering Vulnerability Assessment Protocol (PIEVC Protocol). This study is a high-level screening analysis designed to determine where infrastructure vulnerabilities to climate change may be present, to suggest avenues for adapting infrastructure to climate change, and to identify areas of further study.

Why Account for the Full Costs of Energy (PDF, 1.38 mb)

This paper describes efforts to calculate externality costs and subsidies associated with various energy sources. Keep in mind that unless specifically noted, most costs described in this report do not include long-term climate change impact–related costs resulting from increased greenhouse gas emissions or necessary infrastructure upgrades due to the changing climate.

Jeremy Rifkin

Smart Regions Smart Cities (PDF, 861.26 kb)

If we want local and regional actors to champion Europe, we have to define what the vision is for its future. Where would we like to be in twenty, thirty or fifty years time? What and how, as European citizens, must we do to positively shape our path toward a more sustainable and safe society for succeeding generations?

Strategic Policy Economics (Strapolec)

Ontario's Emissions and the Long-Term Energy Plan: Phase 2 — Meeting the Challenge  (PDF, 4.30 mb)

This report documents Phase 2 of a study intended to inform Ontario’s Long-Term Energy Plan (LTEP) consultation with background analyses that relate to the province’s emission reduction targets, the costs of emission reducing technologies, the carbon price within Ontario’s Cap and Trade (C&T) program and the supply mix choices being developed for the next LTEP. This report lays out an alternative supply mix option based on four electricity system design paradigm shifts identified through research and summarizes their associated cost, implementation and economic considerations.


Rethinking Transportation 2020–2030 (PDF, 4.89 mb)

The analysis in this report is based on detailed evaluation of data on the market, consumer and regulatory dynamics that work together to drive disruption. We present an economic analysis based on existing technologies that have well-known cost curves and on existing business-model innovations. We extrapolate data where we have credible knowledge that these cost curves will continue in the near future.


Healthy Waters in Canada’s Low-Carbon Economy (PDF, 1.56 mb)

The future of hydropower may be one of the most perplexing challenges Canada faces, standing at the nexus of climate change, energy and water policy. WWF-Canada seeks to ensure that renewable energy is developed in tandem with safeguarding healthy waters in Canada.

Fueling the change in the Arctic (PDF, 4.38 mb)

More than 170 remote Indigenous communities in Canada rely almost completely on diesel power plants for electricity. This report explores the challenges and opportunities in deploying renewable energy in northern remote communities.

Habitat-Friendly Renewable Energy (PDF, 3.24 mb)

Meeting our climate commitments through renewable energy sources will create new demands on our lands and oceans, which will increase potential conflicts with existing land uses and the pressures on wildlife, which are already threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. This report provides insights into how to overcome this key barrier to large-scale renewable energy deployment.

Papers from Governments and Communities

Government of Yukon

Embracing Energy Efficiency: Ensuring Yukon Benefits from Climate Moderated Heating Demand –Government of Yukon Energy Branch (PDF, 2.18 mb)

The Government of Yukon and the Yukon Energy Corporation have therefore partnered with the objective of testing the three noted assumptions to see if they are valid in Yukon and determine what, if any, risks and opportunities may result from climate moderated energy demand.

National Energy Board

Canada’s Renewable Power Landscape (PDF, 2729 kb) is one of a series of publications on energy supply, demand, and infrastructure. Canada ranks fourth in the world in renewable power generation. Hydro is the dominant source of electricity in Canada accounting for nearly 60% of installed capacity and generation.

Canada’s Adoption of Renewable Power Sources (PDF, 17.31 mb) discusses major renewable technologies in greater detail, with emphasis on factors influencing their adoption rates. These include costs, technological advancements, environmental considerations, and regulatory issues. This report also compares renewable generation growth in Canada to developments in other countries.

Canada’s Pipeline Transportation System (PDF, 11415 kb) provides information about the economic functioning of major pipelines regulated by the Board. A well-functioning pipeline transportation system responds effectively to changing market conditions.

The Canadian Neutron Beam Centre

Neutrons for Materials Research — An Enabler of Clean Energy Technology (PDF, 712.30 kb)

The benefits of innovation in nuclear energy, such as generating more clean electricity with less waste, are explored separately elsewhere. Nuclear tools and technologies are being used today to produce innovations for other clean technologies or to solve other important challenges. Materials research using neutron beams in Canada is a primary example that is explored here in more detail. Both modes of nuclear innovation could be elements of a national long-term strategy to meet Canada’s climate goals.

Gwich'in Council International

Diverging from Diesel — Technical Report (PDF, 575.88 kb)

The focus of this specific analysis for Gwich’in Council International is to secure publicly available facts and information regarding the true cost of fossil fuels used to provide power to off-grid northern communities. This information will assist in defining “avoided costs” benefits (in terms of the overall total fossil fuel costs displaced) by the development of alternative energy sources that reduce current reliance on fossil fuels.

Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) and Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL)

Generation Energy: Submission by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (PDF, 106.54 kb)

Canada is rich in energy and other natural resources. As is the case today, in 2050, prosperity will come from a diversified energy landscape that leverages innovation and new technology to harness natural resource opportunities while meeting clean energy commitments. This submission looks at the role of nuclear energy in 2050’s energy landscape.

Papers from Industries and Businesses


Generation Energy: Cameco Powers Canada's Nuclear Industry to the Future (PDF, 662 kb)

Canada’s nuclear and uranium sectors make a significant contribution to the current energy landscape, and we agree that the future of energy in Canada must be low-carbon. Much of the world’s nuclear power is fuelled by Canadian uranium. As the leading Canadian producer, Cameco plays a significant and positive role in the energy equation of many countries.

Chemistry Industry Association of Canada

Converting Energy and Natural Resources into Manufactured Products: Adding Value to Natural Gas (PDF, 1.09 mb)

Canadians need to broaden the dialogue around energy resources and development and consider options to further integrate North American energy resources to maximize the benefits of all stakeholders. This includes moving energy resources up the value chain, where values is enhanced by conversion into chemical and derivative products and not exclusively through consumption of energy content purposes. Canada’s future should involve different pathways for hydrocarbons, not eliminating their use entirely.

Canadian Electricity Association

Powering the Future: Canada's Electricity Advantage (PDF, 1.02 mb)  

This paper by the Canadian Electricity Association looks into the transition and innovation and the benefits and costs associated with the transition. This paper looks at the principles for Canada's energy system, highlights the necessity for Indigenous involvement and states that all Canadians must be heard throughout the consultation process.  

Adapting to Climate Change — State of Play and Recommendations for the Electricity Sector in Canada (PDF, 1.23 mb)

Canada’s electricity sector is on track to spend approximately $350 billion between 2010 and 2030 to renew or replace aging infrastructure, with massive capital projects underway or planned in every part of Canada. Climate adaptation considerations must inform this infrastructure renewal process.

Like other sectors of the Canadian economy, the electricity sector has begun to incorporate adaptation considerations in a systematic way.

Canadian Climate Action - Clean Power and Consensus Building (PDF, 1.24 mb)

This discussion paper looks at the benefits and costs of Canadian climate action. The paper is intended to inform the national conversation and help build a balanced and long-term consensus on Canada’s climate and clean energy strategy.


Outlook for Energy - A View to 2040: Highlights (PDF, 1.01 mb)

Outlook for Energy (PDF, 3.33 mb)

Suncor Energy

Suncor's Climate Report (2017) — Resilience Through Strategy (PDF, 1.05 mb)

This report is intended to provide investors and, in particular, socially responsible investors, with Suncor’s perspective on our energy future. It includes information on our leadership on climate change policy advocacy and innovation as well as explores the challenges and opportunities associated with climate change and the transition to a lower-carbon economy.

Generation Energy: A Vision for Canada's Energy Sector (PDF, 451.03 kb)

This article summarizes the make-up of Canada’s energy sector as well as the opportunities for development of alternative research and innovation.

Young Pipeliners Association of Canada

Our Future: Young Pipeliners Perspective (PDF, 950.17 kb)

YPAC developed and administered a survey to understand the thoughts of YPAC membership with regard to the future of Canadian energy. The survey was also sent to other pipeliners in the pipeline space, this being industry, associations, academia, regulators and government. The survey asked questions about the low-carbon energy future, innovation and technology in the future, the barriers and complications and determining Canada’s future energy state.

Canadian Gas Association

CGA Vision 2050 (PDF, 432.59 kb)

This visioning exercise allowed us to articulate what we believe the natural gas/energy delivery industry and its end-use consumers’ needs could look like in 2050 and how our industry can contribute to Canada’s goals for emissions reductions, affordable energy, innovation and a dynamic economy.

Electricity Human Resource Council of Canada

Profile of Women Working in the Clean Energy Sector in Canada (PDF, 2.58 mb)

This report attempts to synthesize existing knowledge on the degree of women’s participation in the sector. Knowledge has been gathered through a variety of methodologies including a literature review, key informant interviews, case study development and key messages from participants in a collaborative Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), Electricity Human Resources Canada (EHRC) and Women in Renewable Energy (WiRE) workshop: Advancing Women in the Clean Energy Sector workshop held on March 8, 2017.

Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada

Climate Change Briefing: Questions Directors Should Ask (PDF, 291.40 kb)

As a mainstream business issue, climate change presents both opportunities and challenges for companies. Attention to issues related to climate change is inescapable in a prudent board’s oversight of risk, strategy, financial performance and reporting. Directors need to understand the company’s business and how climate change may re-shape it.

CPA Canada Study of Climate-Related Disclosures by Canadian Public Companies (PDF, 803 kb)

CPA Canada commissioned a study of the climate-related disclosures provided by TSX-listed companies in their securities filings to determine what Canadian public companies are currently disclosing about climate-related matters in their regulatory reporting.

Adaptation Case Study: The Co-operators (PDF, 166.37)

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the climate change adaptation strategy for the insurance firm. It also investigates the future of accounting in this sector.

Adaptation Case Study: Horizon Utilities (PDF, 153.49 kb)

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the mitigating costs of climate change on utility companies.

Canadian Hydropower Association

5 Things You Need to Know About Hydropower: Canada's Number One Electricity Source (PDF, 286.42 kb)

Hydropower draws energy from falling or flowing water and converts it into electricity without consuming, wasting or depleting water in the process. Hydropower produces no air pollutants and has ultra-low greenhouse gas emissions. From a full life-cycle assessment basis, hydropower’s GHGs are as low as wind power and are even lower in many cases.

Paths Forward: Hydropower and Aboriginal relationships across Canada (PDF, 1.80 mb)

Hydropower and Aboriginal Relationships Across Canada is a collection of stories from Canadian Hydropower Association members describing recent projects or initiatives that have progressed based on respectful relationships.

Hydropower and the Canadian Economy: Jobs and Investment in Canada's Largest Electricity Source (PDF, 767.64 kb)

This report measures the most current annual economic contributions made by the Canadian hydropower sector. The assessment accounts for economic activity created by the industry’s capital expenditures on hydroelectricity related infrastructure, including generation, transmission and distribution, as well as the production, sale and distribution of hydroelectric power.

Electricity Distributors Association (EDA)

The Power to Connect: Advancing Customer-Driven Electricity Solutions for Ontario (PDF, 2.94 mb)

The purpose of this paper is to present the EDA’s vision for the future role of LDCs, and in turn allow LDCs, government, agencies and interested other parties to better prepare for the challenges and opportunities that will arise in the rapidly changing energy landscape.

North American Young Generation in Nuclear

NAYGN Durham – Survey for Generation Energy (PDF, 1.79 mb)

North American Young Generation in Nuclear (NAYGN) a non-profit group, which provides opportunities for a young generation of nuclear enthusiasts to develop leadership and professional skills and asked them: What will Canada’s energy sector will look like in 2050. Here’s a distillation of what they said.

Moltex Energy

Net reduction in nuclear waste to produce limitless, carbon-free energy (PDF, 149.06 kb)

Moltex has invented an extraordinary new method for economically converting spent conventional nuclear waste into fuel for its fast spectrum molten salt reactor known as WATSS (Waste To Stable Salt). The Moltex Stable Salt Reactor Wasteburner (SSR-W) utilizes spent CANDU fuel (or any oxide fuel) converted to chloride form to produce low-cost electricity.

Intrinsically safe nuclear energy, cost-competitive with fossil fuels (PDF, 4.68 mb)

Moltex has designed an advanced form of nuclear reactor that is intrinsically safe and can produce zero-carbon energy that is cost-competitive with fossil fuel energy. The fundamental but extremely simple breakthrough behind the reactor, which is covered by granted international patents, is the replacement of solid nuclear fuel in conventional fuel assemblies with stable molten salt fuel.

Grid-scale nuclear peaking plant that enables renewables (PDF, 378.64 kb)

Nuclear energy has traditionally been used only for baseload power. We can change that with GridReserve® — a proven, economically viable energy storage technology from Moltex that allows nuclear power to act economically as a peaking plant.

Canadian Nuclear Association

Generation Energy: Nuclear energy in Canada to 2050 (1.60 mb)

The government of Canada asked the Canadian Nuclear Association (CAN) to consult with Canada’s nuclear industry and with Canadians, including women, youth and Indigenous people, and make a submission on this subject: What will Canada’s nuclear energy sector look like in 2050? Here’s a distillation of what they said.

Industrial Gas Users Association (IGUA)

Options, Opportunities and the Efficient Transition: A Report on the Technical Potential to Decarbonize Canada’s Heavy Industry (PDF, 310.13 kb)

IGUA partnered with Dr. Christopher Bataille, who is one of the leading economists working on deep decarbonization under the UN framework, to examine the technical potential for decarbonizing Canada’s heavy industry. The purpose of the study was to inform the policy discourse underway today and facilitate setting a transition path toward eventual decarbonization of heavy industry.

Torchlight Resources

Biomass Innovation: Canada's Leading Cleantech Opportunity for Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Economic Prosperity (PDF, 1.57 mb)

This document, which identifies why biomass should be the cornerstone of Canada’s GHG reduction and economic growth policies, is intended to initiate a dialogue between policy makers, large GHG emitting sectors and biomass feeds and technology suppliers.


Energy Perspectives 2017: Long-term macro and market outlook (PDF, 3.44 mb)

Population and income growth continue to boost energy demand, globally, if not everywhere. The much-discussed energy transition is shaking up parts of the global energy system. In other parts, however, changes are slow, indicating that it will take considerable time to align the energy intensity of the global economy and the global fuel mix with common sustainability criteria. This report contains illustrations of possible developments, scenarios that rest on different assumptions for the key drivers above.

SNC Lavalin

Canadian Nuclear Roadmap to 2050 (PDF, 187 kb)

SNC Lavalin provides a comprehensive roadmap for nuclear energy in Canada, including key actions required, policy levers, and a vision for 2050.


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