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Public Confidence Along the Mineral Development Cycle

Download our Mineral Development Cycle (PDF, 1.29 MB) to learn about opportunities to build public confidence in mineral development, including the roles of key groups.

Download our Mineral Development Cycle (PDF, 381 KB)


Activities prior to the start of the individual project development cycle, including policy development, land use planning and resource mapping.

Risks & Opportunities

  • Integrated and adaptive ap­proaches to resource policy and regional planning
  • Visioning, community readiness and resiliency


On the ground mineral prospecting, exploration drilling and other methods to determine and appraise the mineral potential of a given exploration lease.

Risks & Opportunities

  • Community understanding of mining development and lifecycles
  • Legacy issues
  • Environmental and social performance


Project feasibility and design work, environmental and social baseline and impact assessment studies, regulatory approvals and permitting, and mine and processing facility construction.

Risks & Opportunities

  • Fair treatment of risks and benefits
  • The nature and responsiveness to affected parties and public participation in decision making
  • Duty to consult and accommodate Indigenous Peoples


The extraction and processing of mineral ore at a mine.

Risks & Opportunities

  • Realization of community benefits
  • Government resource revenue sharing
  • Environmental impacts on water quality, habitat and wildlife
  • Tailings failures and emergency response


Site reclamation to specified land uses, facility decommissioning, environmental monitoring and relinquishment of approved reclaimed lands to the government.

Risks & Opportunities

  • Socio-economic impacts of mine closure
  • Reclamation

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