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Alberta Carbon Trunk Line (ACTL)

Project type Large-scale CCS demonstration project
Project proponent Enhance Energy Inc.
CO2 sources Agrium fertilizer plant and North West Sturgeon Refinery
Capture applications Fertilizer production and bitumen upgrading
CO2 storage type Enhanced oil recovery
CO2 stored Up to 1.8 megatonnes per year in its initial phase
Exp. start date for storage 2015
Project locations Capture: Alberta Industrial Heartland area, northeast of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Storage: near Red Deer, Alberta
Government of Canada $63.2 million
Provincial government $495 million
Total project cost $1.2 billion

Project description:
This carbon capture and storage (CCS) project involves the capture of CO2 emissions from industrial sites in Alberta’s Industrial Heartland. The captured CO2 will be transported to mature oil reservoirs in central Alberta, where it will be injected for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) purposes and permanent sequestration. To demonstrate the feasibility of a single network to collect CO2 from a large number of industrial emitters, the project will capture CO2 from two initial sources: a large fertilizer plant and an oil sands upgrading operation (awaiting construction). This technology could be applied to similar geological reservoirs throughout Alberta that are capable of sequestering millions of tonnes of CO2. Within five years, this project has the potential to capture and sequester up to 1.8 megatonnes (Mt) of CO2 annually – the equivalent of taking 339 000 cars off the road each year. There is a long-term potential for capture and storage of up to 15 Mt of CO2 annually. The project could also lead to the recovery of significant amounts of oil that cannot be reached by conventional methods.

Expected outcomes:
A medium-term outcome would be the construction and development of the first leg of a CO2 gathering and transmission infrastructure in Alberta. In the long term, the expected outcomes include the recovery of incremental oil reserves not accessible with current secondary enhanced recovery schemes.  Overall, the sequestration potential could be up to 19 Mt of CO2 in the Clive reservoirs, during and subsequent to EOR operations.

Proponent profile:
Enhance Energy Inc. is based in Calgary, Alberta, specializing in the optimization of existing oil and gas fields through implementation of secondary and tertiary enhanced recovery. The company’s expertise lies in CO2 miscible flooding, water flooding and polymer flooding. The leadership team has a track record with successful implementation of large-scale, complex enhanced recovery projects.

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