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Energy Efficiency

There are a variety of ways in which Canadians use energy: in transportation, industrial production, commercial and institutional spaces, agriculture, and in our homes. Technological advances leading to improved energy efficiency help Canadians use less energy while continuing to meet their daily needs, therefore contributing to Canada’s climate goals.

Learn more about energy efficiency in Canada in Section 4 of the Energy Fact Book including:

Energy use

Efficiency trends

Key facts

  • Canada’s primary energy use in 2019 was 13,276 PJ.
  • Canada’s secondary energy use in 2019 was 9,683 PJ. Total secondary energy use increased 20% from 2000 to 2019.
  • 81% of residential energy consumption, and 60% of commercial and institutional energy consumption is used for space and water heating.
  • Residential energy use increased 11% since 2000 but would have increased by 43% without energy efficiency improvements.
  • Per capita energy consumption was 2% lower in 2019 than in 2000.
  • Canada used 18% less energy per dollar of GDP in 2019 than in 2000.

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